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Wednesday, August 12, 2020 | History

2 edition of Preference for children of given sex in relation to fertility found in the catalog.

Preference for children of given sex in relation to fertility

Jeanne Elizabeth Clare

Preference for children of given sex in relation to fertility

by Jeanne Elizabeth Clare

  • 361 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published by Milbank Memorial Fund in [New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fertility, Human.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesSocial and psychological factors affecting fertility.
    Statement[by] Jeanne E. Clare and Clyde V. Kiser.
    ContributionsKiser, Clyde Vernon, 1904-, Milbank Memorial Fund. Committee on Social and Psychological Factors Affecting Fertility.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination[421]-473 p.
    Number of Pages473
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16617833M

    Grandparents are the parents of a person's father or mother – paternal or sexually-reproducing living organism who is not a genetic chimera has a maximum of four genetic grandparents, eight genetic great-grandparents, sixteen genetic great-great-grandparents, thirty-two genetic great-great-great-grandparents, etc. In the history of modern humanity, aro years ago, the. the cost-effectiveness of discounted years of healthy life for making interprogram comparisons. That is, the questions identified above were resolved in favor of discounting future years (a discount rate of was recommended); treating years inside and outside the productive range equally; treating years lost to disability and death equally; and ignoring distinctions among degrees of.

    Catholic sex abuse cases. The article should probably mention the controversy surrounding Catholic sex abuse cases, due to the fact that the USCCB's John Jay Report asserted that the pedophile priest problem was actually an ephebophile priest problem, and that many of the priests in question were gay. This perspective was re-affirmed recently by the Church's official delegate at the United. Monogamy (/ m ə ˈ n ɒ ɡ ə m i / mə-NOG-ə-mee) is a form of dyadic relationship in which an individual has only one partner during their lifetime—alternately, only one partner at any one time (serial monogamy)—as compared to non-monogamy (e.g., polygamy or polyamory). The term is also applied to the social behavior of some animals, referring to the state of having only one mate at.

    A black teenage girl wanted to have a baby fathered by a popular high school athlete. White girls were into sex but planned to go to college and shunned any notion of bearing out of wedlock children. Edison , 9 March (UTC) Same Sex Marriage in the UK. Is same-sex marriage, specifically between females, legal in the UK? Ecology (from Greek: οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is a branch of biology concerning interactions among organisms and their biophysical environment, which includes both biotic and abiotic components. Topics of interest include the biodiversity, distribution, biomass, and populations of organisms, as well as cooperation and competition within and between species.


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Preference for children of given sex in relation to fertility by Jeanne Elizabeth Clare Download PDF EPUB FB2

Fertility factors are determinants of the number of children that an individual is likely to ity factors are mostly positive or negative correlations without certain causations. Factors generally associated with increased fertility include the intention to have children, very high gender equality, religiosity, inter-generational transmission of values, marriage and war, maternal.

The observation that religious preference is the best single predictor of the number of children a couple desires was one of the main conclusions drawn in the first phase of this study. In theory, this finding is much more intriguing than the patterns of association also found between religion and the extent of successful fertility planning and.

The hormonal theory of sexuality holds that, just as exposure to certain hormones plays a role in fetal sex differentiation, such exposure also influences the sexual orientation that emerges later in the adult.

Prenatal hormones may be seen as the primary determinant of adult sexual orientation, or a co-factor with genes, biological factors and/or environmental and social conditions. The term "missing women" indicates a shortfall in the number of women relative to the expected number of women in a region or is most often measured through male-to-female sex ratios, and is theorized to be caused by sex-selective abortions, female infanticide, and inadequate healthcare and nutrition for female is argued that technologies that enable prenatal sex.

Chapter: 7 The Relationship Between Infant and Child Mortality and Fertility: Some Historical and Contemporary Evidence for the United States Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. Visit to get more information about this book. The relationship between biology and sexual orientation is a subject of research.

While scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, they theorize that it is caused by a complex interplay of genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences. Hypotheses for the impact of the post-natal social environment on sexual orientation, however, are weak, especially for males.

Sociology of the family is a subfield of the subject of sociology, in which researchers and academics evaluate family structure as a social institution and unit of socialization from various sociological perspectives. It is usually included in the general education of tertiary curriculum, since it is usually an illustrative example of patterned social relations and group dynamics.

The total fertility rate of women varies from country to country, from a high of children born/woman in Niger to a low of in Singapore (as of ). Fertility is low in most Eastern European and Southern European countries; and high in most Sub-Saharan African countries.

In some cultures, the mother's preference of family size influences that of the children through early adulthood. Gender equality, also known as sexual equality or equality of the sexes, is the state of equal ease of access to resources and opportunities regardless of gender, including economic participation and decision-making; and the state of valuing different behaviors, aspirations and needs equally, regardless of gender.

Gender equality is the goal, while gender neutrality and gender equity are. Mate preferences in humans refers to why one human chooses or chooses not to mate with another human and their reasoning why (see: Evolutionary Psychology, mating).Men and women have been observed having different criteria as what makes a good or ideal mate (gender differences).

A potential mate's socioeconomic status has also been seen as having a noticeable effect, especially in. Sex selection is the attempt to control the sex of the offspring to achieve a desired sex. It can be accomplished in several ways, both pre- and post-implantation of an embryo, as well as at has been marketed under the title family balancing.

According to the United Nations Population Fund, the reasons behind sex selection are due to three factors and provide an understanding. One-child policy, official program initiated by the Chinese government in the late s and early ’80s that limited many families to one child each in order to reduce population growth.

The program had many negative consequences, however, and was discontinued in Read more about China’s one-child policy here. Historical inheritance systems are different systems of inheritance among various people.

Detailed anthropological and sociological studies have been made about customs of patrilineal inheritance, where only male children can inherit. Some cultures also employ matrilineal succession, where property can only pass along the female line, most commonly going to the sister's sons of the decedent.

In relation to humans Applying the term homosexual to animals. The term homosexual was coined by Karl-Maria Kertbeny in to describe same-sex sexual attraction and sexual behavior in humans.

Its use in animal studies has been controversial for two main reasons: animal sexuality and motivating factors have been and remain poorly understood, and the term has strong cultural implications in. This chapter discusses what we know about sexual behavior and HIV/AIDS in Africa.

Given that the epidemic is being sustained by heterosexual transmission (see Chapter 3), information on sexual behavior is needed to help project the future course of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, to develop more effective prevention strategies, and to provide baseline data for evaluating the effectiveness of.

Two crude measures of fertility preference are presented: the mean ideal family size and the proportion of all women who want no more children. Of the women in the 11 populations, only women in Kenya, Botswana, and Zimbabwe considered the mean ideal family size to be fewer than 5 children.

5 Among all women in Kenya, the mean ideal number of. The Korowai, also called the Kolufo, are the people who live in South eastern West Papua in the Indonesian province of Papua, close to the border with Papua New number about 3, According to The Daily Telegraph, "Until the late s, when anthropologists embarked on a study of the tribe, the Korowai were unaware of the existence of any peoples other than themselves".

Prenatal development (from Latin natalis, meaning 'relating to birth') includes the development of the embryo and of the fetus during a viviparous animal's al development starts with fertilization, in the germinal stage of embryonic development, and continues in fetal development until birth.

In human pregnancy, prenatal development is also called antenatal development. While it's possibly to determine dysgenic fertility in relation to IQ, it's close to impossible to exactly pin point the environmental cause, which in turn makes policy changes, aka eugenics, such a tricky issue.

Hence my suggestion to incorporate a section about dysgenic rhetoric used as propaganda given the sources provided for that by Ramdrake. Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and ing on the context, these characteristics may include biological sex (i.e., the state of being male, female, or an intersex variation), sex-based social structures (i.e., gender roles), or gender identity.

Most cultures use a gender binary, having two genders (boys/men and girls. Sexual selection in humans concerns the concept of sexual selection, introduced by Charles Darwin as an element of his theory of natural selection, as it affects selection is a biological way one sex chooses a mate for the best reproductive success.

Most compete with others of the same sex for the best mate to contribute their genome for future generations.Meri Wallace, a child and family therapist for over 20 years and author of Birth Order Blues (Owl Books), agrees about the connection between birth order and personality traits.

"Some of it has to Author: Jocelyn Voo.Overview. Sexual morality has varied greatly over time and between cultures. A society's sexual norms—standards of sexual conduct—can be linked to religious beliefs, or social and environmental conditions, or all of these.

Sexuality and reproduction are fundamental elements in human interaction and societies worldwide. Furthermore, "sexual restriction" is one of the universals of culture.